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Federal Regulations Advisor Insight and Commentary on U.S. Government Regulatory Affairs

Tag Archives: United States Supreme Court

Monday Morning Regulatory Review –12/15/14: FLSA Security Screenings; NLRB Elections Rule; Contractor Rehab Act Rule; Contractor Inversions & Minimum Wage Rules

Posted in Judicial Review & Remedies, Regulatory Flexibility & Small Business, Regulatory Process

For some reason, today seems to be Labor Day – that is, all of the significant actions we cover deal with the regulation of employment of some type.  Today focuses on two rules of general applicability and three rules dealing with employment requirements of government contractors.  The United States Supreme Court (SCOTUS) surprised many with… Continue Reading

SCOTUS, Interpretative Rules & the Government’s Shifting Interpretation

Posted in Judicial Process, Judicial Review & Remedies, Regulatory Process

The United States Supreme Court (SCOTUS) oral argument on Monday in Perez v. Mortgage Bankers Association underscored the complexity of the distinction between legislative rules and interpretative rules under the Administrative Procedure Act (APA) and the degree of deference that courts grant to agencies in resolving ambiguity under their delegated programmatic statutes.  Oral argument may… Continue Reading

Monday Morning Regulatory Review – 12/1/14: Electric Generating Hazardous Emissions & Costs; Quintennial Ozone Standard; Calorie Counting; and Election Financing Disclosure

Posted in Executive - OMB Review, Judicial Process, Judicial Review & Remedies, Regulatory Process

The very short Thanksgiving workweek was punctuated by a significant new United States Supreme Court (SCOTUS) grant of review of requirements for the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) in regulating hazardous air pollutants – this time by electric utilities.  The day before Thanksgiving has traditionally been a day for rolling out controversial actions to reduce adverse… Continue Reading

SCOTUS Argument Preview: Must Agencies Use Notice and Comment Rulemaking to Change Interpretation

Posted in Judicial Process, Judicial Review & Remedies, Regulatory Process

Next Monday, the United States Supreme Court (SCOTUS) will hear argument in Perez v. Mortgage Bankers Association, No. 13-1041, asking whether a federal agency must engage in advance notice and public comment rulemaking pursuant to the Administrative Procedure Act (APA) before it can significantly alter an established interpretive rule articulating the agency’s interpretation of an… Continue Reading

Monday Morning Regulatory Review – 11/24/14: POTUS Immigration Reform; Obamacare Subsidies Docket Clearing; Conflict Minerals Redux; Drones Predux; Renewable Fuel Standards Exdux; and Unified Agenda

Posted in Agency Authority, Constitutional Issues in Regulations, Judicial Process, Judicial Review & Remedies, Regulatory Process

President Obama (POTUS) finally moved last week to alter immigration policy by signing an executive order and issuing two memoranda, and amid all the political debate over the action, some legal questions need serious answers.  Also last week, several docket changes helped clear different regulatory issues to be ultimately decided by the United States Supreme… Continue Reading

Monday Morning Regulatory Review – 11/17/14: Obamacare Subsidies Docket; Obamacare 2nd Contraceptives Accommodation & SCOTUS Criminal / Administrative Deference Invitation

Posted in Judicial Process, Judicial Review & Remedies, Regulatory Process

Last week focused on appellate practice, notably cases related to but not necessarily before, the United States Supreme Court (SCOTUS).  The United States Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit delayed further consideration of the issue of whether the Internal Revenue Service (IRS) could interpret the Obamacare (Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act… Continue Reading

Monday Morning Regulatory Review – 11/10/14: SCOTUS to Review Obamacare Subsidy Rule; Final Rule Statute of Limitations; Gainful Employment Metrics Litigation; Incorporation by Reference; and WOTUS Comments

Posted in Judicial Process, Judicial Review & Remedies, Regulatory Process

Last week in regulations was entirely expected – it was all just a matter of time.  The United States Supreme Court (SCOTUS) agreed that it will decide this Term whether the Internal Revenue Service (IRS) may, by regulation, extend Obamacare (Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act or PPACA) subsidies to participants in federally-operated health care… Continue Reading

HUD Housing Disparate Impact Rules Vacated – How an APA Case Could Clarify Complicated Private Litigation

Posted in Agency Authority, Judicial Review & Remedies

The United States District Court for the District of Columbia vacated the Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) 2013 rules (ostensibly) under the Fair Housing Act (FHA) establishing disparate-impact liability in a case revolving on homeowners’ insurance coverage policies.  Plaintiffs in American Insurance Association v. Department of Housing and Urban Development claimed that HUD… Continue Reading

Monday Morning Regulatory Review I – 11/3/14: Notice and Logical Outgrowth; Standing Fall Down; Revised Contraceptive Rule Preliminary Injunction; SCOTUS Watch; and Shepherds’ Wages Rule

Posted in Agency Authority, Judicial Process, Judicial Review & Remedies

Catching up on the last two weeks presents a challenge:  many small actions vie for attention with a small lesson.  The United States Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit focused on the Administrative Procedure Act (APA)’s notice / logical outgrowth problem and organizational standing in two recent cases.  Two district courts issued… Continue Reading

Monday Morning Regulatory Review – 10/6/14: Failing Grades Episode 4; Oklahoma & Obamacare Intercircuit Conflict; and Contractor Minimum Wage

Posted in Agency Authority, Judicial Review & Remedies, Regulatory Process

Two district court decisions from last week warrant some comment while agencies added more fodder for the judicial review of rules.  The United States District Court for the District of Columbia again revisited the Administration’s failing grades in regulating for-profit colleges, and their scores have not improved, but the court failed to incentivize compliance with… Continue Reading

Monday Morning Regulatory Review – 9/29/14: SCOTUS 2014 Term Preview

Posted in Agency Authority, Constitutional Issues in Regulations, Judicial Review & Remedies

Rather than looking back to last week, this edition of the Monday Morning Regulatory Review focuses on the United States Supreme Court (SCOTUS) return to the conference room this morning, and to the bench on October 6, after a three-month flextime / flexplace schedule.  SCOTUS will take up a number of critical regulatory and administrative… Continue Reading

Monday Morning Regulatory Review – 9/15/14: SORNA Good Cause Conflict; H-2B Limbo; & FCC Net Neutrality / Fast Lane Comment Avalanche

Posted in Agency Authority, Judicial Review & Remedies, Regulatory Process

Last week, the United States Court of Appeals for the Eighth Circuit joined the intercircuit conflict over the Administrative Procedure Act (APA) validity of the Attorney General’s regulations applying the Sex Offender Registration and Notification Act (SORNA) to offenses committed prior to SORNA’s effective date.  The United States District Court for the Eastern District of… Continue Reading

Monday Morning Regulatory Review – 9/8/14: King / Halbig Delayed & OMB Reviews

Posted in Executive - OMB Review, Judicial Review & Remedies

Welcome back from summer vacation and a brief hiatus for this column.  Even with the Labor Day weekend out of the way, regulatory actions continue at a slow pace.  Of note, two procedural orders delayed the resolution of the intercircuit conflict over whether the Internal Revenue Service (IRS) may permit tax subsidies in States where… Continue Reading

Monday Morning Regulatory Review – 8/25/14: Poultry Inspection; HAZMAT Harmonization; & OMB Reviews

Posted in Executive - OMB Review, Regulatory Process

The Administration’s release last Friday of new Obamacare contraceptive mandate rules in light of recent adverse United States Supreme Court (SCOTUS) decisions overshadowed other agency actions last week, but some are noteworthy.  The Department of Agriculture (DOA) published controversial poultry inspection regulations and the Department of Transportation (DOT) proposed harmonization of hazardous materials regulations with… Continue Reading

Obamacare Contraceptive Mandate Regulations Respond to Hobby Lobby and Wheaton College: A Preliminary Review

Posted in Executive - OMB Review, Judicial Review & Remedies, Regulatory Flexibility & Small Business, Regulatory Process

The Administration released new and expected revisions and proposals to Obamacare (Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act or PPACA) regulations to address exemption from the contraceptives mandate for non-profit and for-profit organizations in light of recent adverse United States Supreme Court (SCOTUS) decisions.  One interim final rule (IFR) addresses non-profits related to religious institutions, while… Continue Reading

Monday Morning Regulatory Review – 8/4/14: Obamacare Tax Subsidies Intercircuit Conflict & COOL First Amendment Regulations

Posted in Constitutional Issues in Regulations, Judicial Review & Remedies

Little new and unexpected agencies activity compels review in the last week, but the courts were fully engaged on two very different, critical regulatory issues.  The intercircuit conflict over whether the Internal Revenue Service (IRS) may adopt regulations extending Obamacare tax credits beyond the 16 State-established Obamacare exchanges to include the federal-established exchanges in 34… Continue Reading

Immediate Intercircuit Conflict: 4th Circuit Upholds IRS Obamacare Regulations Extending Tax Subsidies to Federal Exchanges

Posted in Agency Authority, Judicial Review & Remedies

On this, the same day as the D.C. Circuit decision in Halbig v. Burwell, the United States Court of Appeals for the Fourth Circuit took the opposite tack in King v. Burwell: finding that the provisions of Obamacare (Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act or PPACA), taken together, were ambiguous, and apply Chevron Step 2… Continue Reading

DC Circuit Orders Vacatur of IRS Obamacare Regulations Extending Tax Subsidies to Federal Exchanges

Posted in Agency Authority, Judicial Review & Remedies

The United States Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit today ordered vacated a critical Internal Revenue Service (IRS) regulation extending tax credits under Obamacare (Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act or PPACA) to participants in federal health care exchanges as contrary to the clear language of the statute.  Halbig v. Burwell substantially… Continue Reading

Monday Morning Regulatory Review – 7/21/14: IRS Tax Preparer Suits; Hobby Lobby FAQ; Obamacare in the Territories; Drone Dismissal; and an Upgrade

Posted in Agency Authority, Judicial Review & Remedies, Regulatory Process

Among its woes, the Internal Revenue Service (IRS) lost another regulatory case for exceeding its statutory authority last week, and was sued yet again.  In other fallout, the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS), Department of Labor (DOL), and Department of the Treasury (DOTr) released a FAQ in light of the United States Supreme… Continue Reading

Monday Morning Regulatory Review – 7/14/14: Hobby Lobby Legislation; Guidance Finality; & Minimum Wage Extension

Posted in Judicial Review & Remedies, Legislation, Regulatory Process

Each branch of government contributed a highlight to an otherwise somnambulant summertime week.  Congressional members responded to the United States Supreme Court (SCOTUS) Hobby Lobby decision with new legislation that raises new questions.  The United States Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit held Friday that the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) guidance to… Continue Reading

Monday Morning Regulatory Review – 7/7/14: Hobby Lobby Realities; Open Internet, Closed FCC; and ACUS Recommendations: Preambles as Guidance & Ex Parte Contacts

Posted in Agency Authority, Judicial Process, Judicial Review & Remedies, Regulatory Flexibility & Small Business, Regulatory Process

The holiday-shortened week was highlighted by judicial and Administration reaction to the United States Supreme Court (SCOTUS) decision in Burwell v. Hobby Lobby that the Administration failed to comply with the Religious Freedom Restoration Act (RFRA) in promulgating Obamacare preventative contraceptive care exemption regulations – and the issue will return frequently as the parties and… Continue Reading

SCOTUS: Obamacare Contraceptive Rule Failed to Accommodate Corporate Owner’s Religious Rights

Posted in Judicial Review & Remedies, Regulatory Process

The United States Supreme Court (SCOTUS) today required the Obama Administration to implement Obamacare (Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act or PPACA) and it’s regulations to permit closely held corporations to decline to purchase preventative or contraceptive health care coverage that would violate their owners’ religious beliefs in Burwell v. Hobby Lobby.  SCOTUS found that… Continue Reading

Monday Morning Regulatory Review – 6/30/14: Hazardous Waste Fuel; Affirmative Defenses in CAA Suits II; Waters of the United States Extension; & Drones & Model Aircraft Interpretation

Posted in Agency Authority, Judicial Review & Remedies

A very busy last week was dominated by the United States Supreme Court (SCOTUS) (near) end-of-term decisions, but some slightly less notable regulatory actions deserve attention.  On Friday, the United States Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia vacated two separate exceptions to Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) Resource Conservation and Recovery Act of 1976… Continue Reading

SCOTUS Holds Obama Made Unconstitutional NLRB Recess Appointments – Regulations and Adjudications at Risk

Posted in Agency Authority, Constitutional Issues in Regulations

The United States Supreme Court (SCOTUS), in NLRB v. Noel Canning,  today affirmed the United States Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia decision that President Obama (POTUS) unconstitutionally appointed members of the National Labor Relations Board (NLRB) as “recess appointments” when the Senate was not in recess.  SCOTUS unanimously affirmed on narrower grounds… Continue Reading