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Category Archives: Judicial Review & Remedies

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Immediate Intercircuit Conflict: 4th Circuit Upholds IRS Obamacare Regulations Extending Tax Subsidies to Federal Exchanges

Posted in Agency Authority, Judicial Review & Remedies

On this, the same day as the D.C. Circuit decision in Halbig v. Burwell, the United States Court of Appeals for the Fourth Circuit took the opposite tack in King v. Burwell: finding that the provisions of Obamacare (Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act or PPACA), taken together, were ambiguous, and apply Chevron Step 2… Continue Reading

DC Circuit Orders Vacatur of IRS Obamacare Regulations Extending Tax Subsidies to Federal Exchanges

Posted in Agency Authority, Judicial Review & Remedies

The United States Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit today ordered vacated a critical Internal Revenue Service (IRS) regulation extending tax credits under Obamacare (Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act or PPACA) to participants in federal health care exchanges as contrary to the clear language of the statute.  Halbig v. Burwell substantially… Continue Reading

Monday Morning Regulatory Review – 7/21/14: IRS Tax Preparer Suits; Hobby Lobby FAQ; Obamacare in the Territories; Drone Dismissal; and an Upgrade

Posted in Agency Authority, Judicial Review & Remedies, Regulatory Process

Among its woes, the Internal Revenue Service (IRS) lost another regulatory case for exceeding its statutory authority last week, and was sued yet again.  In other fallout, the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS), Department of Labor (DOL), and Department of the Treasury (DOTr) released a FAQ in light of the United States Supreme… Continue Reading

Monday Morning Regulatory Review – 7/14/14: Hobby Lobby Legislation; Guidance Finality; & Minimum Wage Extension

Posted in Judicial Review & Remedies, Legislation, Regulatory Process

Each branch of government contributed a highlight to an otherwise somnambulant summertime week.  Congressional members responded to the United States Supreme Court (SCOTUS) Hobby Lobby decision with new legislation that raises new questions.  The United States Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit held Friday that the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) guidance to… Continue Reading

Monday Morning Regulatory Review – 7/7/14: Hobby Lobby Realities; Open Internet, Closed FCC; and ACUS Recommendations: Preambles as Guidance & Ex Parte Contacts

Posted in Agency Authority, Judicial Process, Judicial Review & Remedies, Regulatory Flexibility & Small Business, Regulatory Process

The holiday-shortened week was highlighted by judicial and Administration reaction to the United States Supreme Court (SCOTUS) decision in Burwell v. Hobby Lobby that the Administration failed to comply with the Religious Freedom Restoration Act (RFRA) in promulgating Obamacare preventative contraceptive care exemption regulations – and the issue will return frequently as the parties and… Continue Reading

SCOTUS: Obamacare Contraceptive Rule Failed to Accommodate Corporate Owner’s Religious Rights

Posted in Judicial Review & Remedies, Regulatory Process

The United States Supreme Court (SCOTUS) today required the Obama Administration to implement Obamacare (Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act or PPACA) and it’s regulations to permit closely held corporations to decline to purchase preventative or contraceptive health care coverage that would violate their owners’ religious beliefs in Burwell v. Hobby Lobby.  SCOTUS found that… Continue Reading

Monday Morning Regulatory Review – 6/30/14: Hazardous Waste Fuel; Affirmative Defenses in CAA Suits II; Waters of the United States Extension; & Drones & Model Aircraft Interpretation

Posted in Agency Authority, Judicial Review & Remedies

A very busy last week was dominated by the United States Supreme Court (SCOTUS) (near) end-of-term decisions, but some slightly less notable regulatory actions deserve attention.  On Friday, the United States Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia vacated two separate exceptions to Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) Resource Conservation and Recovery Act of 1976… Continue Reading

SCOTUS to Review D.C. Circuit Constitutional Non-delegation Decision that Amtrak is a Railroad, Not a Regulator

Posted in Agency Authority, Constitutional Issues in Regulations, Judicial Review & Remedies

The United States Supreme Court (SCOTUS) today granted certiorari in DOT v. Association of American Railroads (U.S. No. 13-1080) to review of a decision of the United States Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit that Congress unconstitutionally granted Amtrak regulatory authority over its priority of service among railroads.  Such a delegation, according… Continue Reading

Monday Morning Regulatory Review – 6/23/14: Air Passenger Fees; Electric Generating Carbon Emissions; SCOTUS Zenith

Posted in Agency Authority, Judicial Review & Remedies, Regulatory Process

A short review of significant odds and ends from last week will be overshadowed by major decisions this week.  Among the significant odds and ends, the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) Transportation Security Administration (TSA) promulgated an increase in air passenger security fees under statutory authority to do so without advance notice and comment, but… Continue Reading

D.C. Circuit Vacates FCC IP Captioning Rule Provisions: Violated APA

Posted in Judicial Review & Remedies, Regulatory Process

The United States Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit today vacated two provisions of the Federal Communications Commission (FCC)’s Misuse of Internet Protocol (IP) Captioned Telephone Service interim rule (IFR) and final rule in Sorenson Communications v. FCC.  The court provided clear precedent that judicial review of “good cause” exceptions to the… Continue Reading

SCOTUS to Decide Whether Rulemaking Is Required When Agencies Change Established Guidance on Statutes and Regulations

Posted in Judicial Review & Remedies, Regulatory Process

The United States Supreme Court (SCOTUS) today granted certiorari in Perez v. Mortgage Bankers Association and Nickols v. Mortgage Bankers Association and consolidated the cases for one hour of oral argument next term.  These two cases arise from the previously noted United States Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit decision in Mortgage… Continue Reading

Monday Morning Regulatory Review – 6/16/14: Legislative v. Interpretive or Procedural Rules; Contractor Minimum Wage; Inflated Size Matters; Changing Interpretation; Regulatory Agendas; & EPA Delays RFS

Posted in Judicial Process, Judicial Review & Remedies, Regulatory Process

Last week focuses (mostly) on wages and small business.  The United States Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit handed another setback to the Department of Labor (DOL)’s detachment of binding requirements from regulations.  DOL, for its part, proposed regulations to increase the minimum wage paid by government contractors, a costly proposed rule… Continue Reading

Monday Morning Regulatory Review – 6/9/14: Changing Interpretive Rules; Benefit / Cost Analysis Summary; Acronyms & Initializations Caution; and Maintenance Week

Posted in Executive - OMB Review, Judicial Process, Judicial Review & Remedies, Regulatory Process

Today’s review defies categorization, but four significant unrelated events are worth noting.  The United States Supreme Court (SCOTUS) today may grant review in a critical regulatory case raising the necessity of following notice and comment rulemaking for an agency to alter an existing interpretive rule, setting the stage for argument and decision next Term in… Continue Reading

D.C. Circuit Vacates EPA Directive – Consistency and Non-Acquiescence: Conflict in Need of Further Rulemaking

Posted in Agency Authority, Judicial Process, Judicial Review & Remedies

The United States Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit today vacated an Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) Clean Air Act (CAA) directive that implemented a decision of the United States Court of Appeals for the Sixth Circuit only in that circuit.  National Environmental Development Association’s Clean Air Project v. EPA illustrates several classic… Continue Reading

Monday Morning Regulatory Review – 5/26/14: Electric Power Sales; Orphan Drugs Other Uses; Spring 2014 Unified Agenda & Memorial Day, 2014

Posted in Agency Authority, Judicial Review & Remedies

The Friday before the long Memorial Day weekend is either a desert of regulatory activity or – as last week – a cornucopia in need of distillation.  Three highlights warrant note, though many rules were published, placed on inspection, or otherwise released.  The United States Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit vacated… Continue Reading

Monday Morning Regulatory Review – 5/19/14: Open Internet or Net Neutrality; Broadcaster Shared Resources; Conflict Mineral Stays III; Coal Dust Consolidation; & ACUS Agenda

Posted in Judicial Process, Judicial Review & Remedies, Regulatory Process

The Federal Communications Commission (FCC) proposed their response to the loss of their “net neutrality” rules, and a petition was filed challenging guidance on transactions under the broadcast ownership rules, another sore spot in the FCC’s regulatory warehouse.  The United States Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit declined to stay the remainder… Continue Reading

D.C. Circuit Allows IRS Arrogant Indifference to APA Violation in Telephone Long Distance Excise Tax Cases

Posted in Judicial Review & Remedies

The United States Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia recently permitted the Internal Revenue Service (IRS) to retain several billion dollars in “ill-gotten gains” in a highly technical opinion of In Re: Long-Distance Telephone Service Federal Excise Tax Refund Litigation – MDL 1798.  The IRS continued to levy an excise tax without authorization,… Continue Reading

Monday Morning Regulatory Review: 5/12/14: Coal Dust Review; Conflict Minerals Stay II; Renewable Fuels Standard; & Particulate Matter

Posted in Judicial Process, Judicial Review & Remedies, Regulatory Process

Much follow-up on last week’s Monday Morning Regulatory Review, including multiple petitions for judicial review of the Federal Mine Safety and Health Administration (FMSHA)’s coal dust rule and stay litigation in the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC)’s conflict minerals rule.  In two new judicial decisions, the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) renewable fuel standards and particulate… Continue Reading

Monday Morning Regulatory Review – 5/5/14: SCOTUS on EPA Cross State / Transport Rule; SEC Conflict Minerals Stay; DOT Trucker Coercion; & TSA Air Passenger Fees

Posted in Agency Authority, Judicial Process, Judicial Review & Remedies, Regulatory Process

Travail between the agencies and the courts present three of last week’s major events in federal regulations while an agency’s view of its authority to change fees by a final rule presents a fourth significant issue.  The United States Supreme Court (SCOTUS) reversed and remanded a lower court vacatur of the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)… Continue Reading

Monday Morning Regulatory Review – 4/28/14: Net Neutrality II; Coal Dust; Tier 3 Vehicle Emissions Standards; Beer & Grain Retreat; & Drones Won’t Fly

Posted in Judicial Review & Remedies, Regulatory Flexibility & Small Business, Regulatory Process

A crowded week of regulatory events means that some highlights must be left behind.  Highlights of the week in review (and the litigation to come) include the Federal Communications Commission (FCC) reboot of its vacated net neutrality rules, the Department of Labor (DOL) Federal Mine Safety and Health Administration (FMSHA) release of its new coal… Continue Reading

D.C. Circuit Vacates EPA Affirmative Defense Regulation – Some Limits on Regulatory Authority

Posted in Agency Authority, Judicial Review & Remedies

The United States Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit decided last Friday in Natural Resources Defense Council v. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) that (1) the emissions-related provisions of the 2013 Portland Cement Rule were permissible but that (2) EPA exceeded its statutory authority in a 2010 version by promulgating an affirmative defense… Continue Reading

Monday Morning Regulatory Review – 4/21/14: EPA Electricity Generating Units; Beer, Grain & Cattle; Tax Exempt Organizations & Politics; Waters of the United States; & Helicopter Ambulances

Posted in Agency Authority, Judicial Review & Remedies, Regulatory Process

Regulatory practice was illustrated by several specific actions in the past week, some of which have subtle implications.  The United States Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit opined on the efficacy of the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)’s 2012 air pollution regulation of electric generating units, but with several deep divisions.  In the… Continue Reading

Monday Morning Regulatory Review – 4/7/14: COOL First Amendment; Rearview Cameras; Electric Utility Safety Standards; & OMB Reviews

Posted in Constitutional Issues in Regulations, Executive - OMB Review, Judicial Review & Remedies

The United States Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit took a significant step toward giving agencies more definitive guidance on the whether and how information disclosure can be used as a regulatory mechanism by ordering, on its own initiative, en banc review of a panel decision issued only a week ago.  On… Continue Reading

Administrative Procedure Act Logical Outgrowth & Lack of Notice: D.C. Circuit Affirms Vacatur of HHS Hospital Reimbursement Rule

Posted in Judicial Review & Remedies

The United States Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia today affirmed the vacatur the portion of a Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) final rule setting hospital reimbursement rates because the final rule took a position diametrically opposed to the proposed rule without adequate notice that the final position was a possibility… Continue Reading