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Category Archives: Judicial Process

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Monday Morning Regulatory Review – 3/30/15: Open Internet Randomness to the Courthouse; State / Local Internet Preemption; Immigration Executive Action Litigation VI; Same-Sex Family Medical Leave Regulations Preliminary Injunction; Fuel Cells & Airplanes

Posted in Agency Authority, Constitutional Issues in Regulations, Judicial Process, Judicial Review & Remedies

Litigation and agency responses dominate last week’s regulatory practice. Two different protective petitions for review of the Federal Communication Commission (FCC)’s open internet / net neutrality / net utility final rules were filed with the United States Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit and the Fifth Circuit, and a State challenged the… Continue Reading

Monday Morning Regulatory Review – 3/16/15: Functional Delegation Test; Open Internet Neutrality Rule Opened; Immigration Executive Action Litigation V

Posted in Constitutional Issues in Regulations, Judicial Process, Judicial Review & Remedies, Regulatory Process

Three regulatory highlights for the past week do not appear to have any discernable connections. The United States Supreme Court (SCOTUS) disappointed (or maybe disowned) a cousin of the constitutional nondelegation doctrine by reversing and remanding a case limited to the regulatory power of a unique government corporation – Amtrak. The Federal Communications Commission (FCC)… Continue Reading

SCOTUS Rejects D.C. Circuit Notice & Comment Rulemaking Requirement for Changing Agency Interpretation

Posted in Judicial Process, Judicial Review & Remedies, Regulatory Process

The United States Supreme Court (SCOTUS) held today, in Perez v. Mortgage Bankers Association, that an interpretative rule does not require advance notice and an opportunity for public comment under the Administrative Procedure Act (APA) no matter when the agency adopts the interpretation, unanimously reversing the contrary decision of the United States Court of Appeals… Continue Reading

Monday Morning Regulatory Review – 3/9/15: H-2B Regulations Vacated – Again; Immigration Executive Action Litigation IV; and Aircraft Engines & Greenhouse Gases

Posted in Agency Authority, Executive - OMB Review, Judicial Process, Judicial Review & Remedies

Last week’s highlights in regulatory practice were few and tread familiar ground, but have much meaning. The Department of Labor (DOL) suffered another loss in the jurisdictional kerfuffle over the non-agricultural workers visa program when a district court vacated its 2008 regulations, just as it had previously done with more recent regulations, and contrary to… Continue Reading

Monday Morning Regulatory Review – 3/2/15: Open Utility Internet; Immigration Executive Action Litigation III; and Retirement Investment Fiduciaries

Posted in Agency Authority, Judicial Process, Regulatory Process

Regulations were a significant topic in the news last week, led by the Federal Communications Commission (FCC) decision to treat internet service providers as a common carrier and left the general public in the dark. Litigation over the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) memorandum on granting status to parents and children of aliens who otherwise… Continue Reading

Monday Afternoon Regulatory Review – 2/23/15: Drone Release & Problems; Arctic Drilling; Immigration Executive Action Litigation II & IIA; and Agriculture High-Stepping Authority

Posted in Agency Authority, Judicial Process, Judicial Review & Remedies

The most noteworthy highlight of this week in review is the Department of Transportation (DOT)’s Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) publication of the much anticipated proposed drone rule – which, now that it is available, may or may not have justified the anticipation. The Department of the Interior (DOI) will publish tomorrow a proposal to revise… Continue Reading

Immigration Executive Action Preliminary Injunction – A Hold on Benefits and Costs for Now

Posted in Judicial Process, Judicial Review & Remedies, Regulatory Process

The United States District Court for the Southern District of Texas preliminarily enjoined the United States, its agencies, officials, and employees from implementing all aspects of President Obama’s (or POTUS) executive action on immigration on the eve of implementation pending further order of the court or higher judicial authority. In essence, the district court found… Continue Reading

Monday Morning Regulatory Review – 1/19/15: Judicial Review of Agency Standards of Discretion; Regulatory Takings Standards; FLSA Home Care Regulations II; NLRB Elections Rule Litigation IIA; Be Sued & Settle

Posted in Constitutional Issues in Regulations, Judicial Process, Judicial Review & Remedies, Regulatory Process

The United States Supreme Court (SCOTUS) granted review in several cases with significant regulatory implications last Friday – neither of which is the case that has drawn all the press attention and both of which should be decided early this summer.  In one case, SCOTUS may be approaching the twilight zone of judicial review of… Continue Reading

Monday Morning Regulatory Review – 1/5/15: Ozone Standards Authority; Toxic Spent Munitions; FLSA Home Care Regulations; Medicaid Hospital Limits FAQ; & Immigration Executive Action

Posted in Agency Authority, Judicial Process, Judicial Review & Remedies

Welcome to 2015, the fourth year of the Federal Regulations Advisor.  Two short holiday workweeks are compiled today in one loaded post.  The agencies may have been (largely) quiet, but the courts provided grist for the mill.  The United States Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit vacated parts of the Environmental Protection… Continue Reading

Monday Morning Regulatory Review – 12/8/14: Immigration Executive Action; H2B Wage Rates; Regulations & Non-Discretionary Duties; and Waters of the United States

Posted in Judicial Process, Judicial Review & Remedies, Regulatory Process

The immigration “executive action” became much clearer with the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) rolling out a variety of memoranda implementing the President (POTUS)’s priorities, but there was no, and many not have ever been, an “Executive Order.”  Nonetheless, the first legal challenge has been filed and the state of affairs deserves review.  On another… Continue Reading

SCOTUS, Interpretative Rules & the Government’s Shifting Interpretation

Posted in Judicial Process, Judicial Review & Remedies, Regulatory Process

The United States Supreme Court (SCOTUS) oral argument on Monday in Perez v. Mortgage Bankers Association underscored the complexity of the distinction between legislative rules and interpretative rules under the Administrative Procedure Act (APA) and the degree of deference that courts grant to agencies in resolving ambiguity under their delegated programmatic statutes.  Oral argument may… Continue Reading

Monday Morning Regulatory Review – 12/1/14: Electric Generating Hazardous Emissions & Costs; Quintennial Ozone Standard; Calorie Counting; and Election Financing Disclosure

Posted in Executive - OMB Review, Judicial Process, Judicial Review & Remedies, Regulatory Process

The very short Thanksgiving workweek was punctuated by a significant new United States Supreme Court (SCOTUS) grant of review of requirements for the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) in regulating hazardous air pollutants – this time by electric utilities.  The day before Thanksgiving has traditionally been a day for rolling out controversial actions to reduce adverse… Continue Reading

SCOTUS Argument Preview: Must Agencies Use Notice and Comment Rulemaking to Change Interpretation

Posted in Judicial Process, Judicial Review & Remedies, Regulatory Process

Next Monday, the United States Supreme Court (SCOTUS) will hear argument in Perez v. Mortgage Bankers Association, No. 13-1041, asking whether a federal agency must engage in advance notice and public comment rulemaking pursuant to the Administrative Procedure Act (APA) before it can significantly alter an established interpretive rule articulating the agency’s interpretation of an… Continue Reading

Monday Morning Regulatory Review – 11/24/14: POTUS Immigration Reform; Obamacare Subsidies Docket Clearing; Conflict Minerals Redux; Drones Predux; Renewable Fuel Standards Exdux; and Unified Agenda

Posted in Agency Authority, Constitutional Issues in Regulations, Judicial Process, Judicial Review & Remedies, Regulatory Process

President Obama (POTUS) finally moved last week to alter immigration policy by signing an executive order and issuing two memoranda, and amid all the political debate over the action, some legal questions need serious answers.  Also last week, several docket changes helped clear different regulatory issues to be ultimately decided by the United States Supreme… Continue Reading

Monday Morning Regulatory Review – 11/17/14: Obamacare Subsidies Docket; Obamacare 2nd Contraceptives Accommodation & SCOTUS Criminal / Administrative Deference Invitation

Posted in Judicial Process, Judicial Review & Remedies, Regulatory Process

Last week focused on appellate practice, notably cases related to but not necessarily before, the United States Supreme Court (SCOTUS).  The United States Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit delayed further consideration of the issue of whether the Internal Revenue Service (IRS) could interpret the Obamacare (Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act… Continue Reading

Monday Morning Regulatory Review – 11/10/14: SCOTUS to Review Obamacare Subsidy Rule; Final Rule Statute of Limitations; Gainful Employment Metrics Litigation; Incorporation by Reference; and WOTUS Comments

Posted in Judicial Process, Judicial Review & Remedies, Regulatory Process

Last week in regulations was entirely expected – it was all just a matter of time.  The United States Supreme Court (SCOTUS) agreed that it will decide this Term whether the Internal Revenue Service (IRS) may, by regulation, extend Obamacare (Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act or PPACA) subsidies to participants in federally-operated health care… Continue Reading

Monday Morning Regulatory Review I – 11/3/14: Notice and Logical Outgrowth; Standing Fall Down; Revised Contraceptive Rule Preliminary Injunction; SCOTUS Watch; and Shepherds’ Wages Rule

Posted in Agency Authority, Judicial Process, Judicial Review & Remedies

Catching up on the last two weeks presents a challenge:  many small actions vie for attention with a small lesson.  The United States Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit focused on the Administrative Procedure Act (APA)’s notice / logical outgrowth problem and organizational standing in two recent cases.  Two district courts issued… Continue Reading

Monday Morning Regulatory Review – 7/7/14: Hobby Lobby Realities; Open Internet, Closed FCC; and ACUS Recommendations: Preambles as Guidance & Ex Parte Contacts

Posted in Agency Authority, Judicial Process, Judicial Review & Remedies, Regulatory Flexibility & Small Business, Regulatory Process

The holiday-shortened week was highlighted by judicial and Administration reaction to the United States Supreme Court (SCOTUS) decision in Burwell v. Hobby Lobby that the Administration failed to comply with the Religious Freedom Restoration Act (RFRA) in promulgating Obamacare preventative contraceptive care exemption regulations – and the issue will return frequently as the parties and… Continue Reading

Monday Morning Regulatory Review – 6/16/14: Legislative v. Interpretive or Procedural Rules; Contractor Minimum Wage; Inflated Size Matters; Changing Interpretation; Regulatory Agendas; & EPA Delays RFS

Posted in Judicial Process, Judicial Review & Remedies, Regulatory Process

Last week focuses (mostly) on wages and small business.  The United States Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit handed another setback to the Department of Labor (DOL)’s detachment of binding requirements from regulations.  DOL, for its part, proposed regulations to increase the minimum wage paid by government contractors, a costly proposed rule… Continue Reading

Monday Morning Regulatory Review – 6/9/14: Changing Interpretive Rules; Benefit / Cost Analysis Summary; Acronyms & Initializations Caution; and Maintenance Week

Posted in Executive - OMB Review, Judicial Process, Judicial Review & Remedies, Regulatory Process

Today’s review defies categorization, but four significant unrelated events are worth noting.  The United States Supreme Court (SCOTUS) today may grant review in a critical regulatory case raising the necessity of following notice and comment rulemaking for an agency to alter an existing interpretive rule, setting the stage for argument and decision next Term in… Continue Reading

Monday Morning Regulatory Review – 6/2/14: Health & Food Regulations; Expected Electricity Carbon Rule; Waters of the United States; & Acid Rain Litigation

Posted in Judicial Process, Regulatory Flexibility & Small Business, Regulatory Process

The short holiday workweek produced few hard regulatory events although soft indications continue of the federal government’s intent to regulate the minutiae of daily life.  The Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) published its final rule on long-term Obamacare exchange and insurance market standards and extended the comment period on several food labeling proposals. … Continue Reading

D.C. Circuit Vacates EPA Directive – Consistency and Non-Acquiescence: Conflict in Need of Further Rulemaking

Posted in Agency Authority, Judicial Process, Judicial Review & Remedies

The United States Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit today vacated an Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) Clean Air Act (CAA) directive that implemented a decision of the United States Court of Appeals for the Sixth Circuit only in that circuit.  National Environmental Development Association’s Clean Air Project v. EPA illustrates several classic… Continue Reading

Monday Morning Regulatory Review – 5/19/14: Open Internet or Net Neutrality; Broadcaster Shared Resources; Conflict Mineral Stays III; Coal Dust Consolidation; & ACUS Agenda

Posted in Judicial Process, Judicial Review & Remedies, Regulatory Process

The Federal Communications Commission (FCC) proposed their response to the loss of their “net neutrality” rules, and a petition was filed challenging guidance on transactions under the broadcast ownership rules, another sore spot in the FCC’s regulatory warehouse.  The United States Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit declined to stay the remainder… Continue Reading

Monday Morning Regulatory Review: 5/12/14: Coal Dust Review; Conflict Minerals Stay II; Renewable Fuels Standard; & Particulate Matter

Posted in Judicial Process, Judicial Review & Remedies, Regulatory Process

Much follow-up on last week’s Monday Morning Regulatory Review, including multiple petitions for judicial review of the Federal Mine Safety and Health Administration (FMSHA)’s coal dust rule and stay litigation in the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC)’s conflict minerals rule.  In two new judicial decisions, the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) renewable fuel standards and particulate… Continue Reading