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Category Archives: Constitutional Issues in Regulations

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Monday Morning Regulatory Review – 11/24/14: POTUS Immigration Reform; Obamacare Subsidies Docket Clearing; Conflict Minerals Redux; Drones Predux; Renewable Fuel Standards Exdux; and Unified Agenda

Posted in Agency Authority, Constitutional Issues in Regulations, Judicial Process, Judicial Review & Remedies, Regulatory Process

President Obama (POTUS) finally moved last week to alter immigration policy by signing an executive order and issuing two memoranda, and amid all the political debate over the action, some legal questions need serious answers.  Also last week, several docket changes helped clear different regulatory issues to be ultimately decided by the United States Supreme… Continue Reading

Monday Morning Regulatory Review – 9/29/14: SCOTUS 2014 Term Preview

Posted in Agency Authority, Constitutional Issues in Regulations, Judicial Review & Remedies

Rather than looking back to last week, this edition of the Monday Morning Regulatory Review focuses on the United States Supreme Court (SCOTUS) return to the conference room this morning, and to the bench on October 6, after a three-month flextime / flexplace schedule.  SCOTUS will take up a number of critical regulatory and administrative… Continue Reading

Monday Morning Regulatory Review – 8/4/14: Obamacare Tax Subsidies Intercircuit Conflict & COOL First Amendment Regulations

Posted in Constitutional Issues in Regulations, Judicial Review & Remedies

Little new and unexpected agencies activity compels review in the last week, but the courts were fully engaged on two very different, critical regulatory issues.  The intercircuit conflict over whether the Internal Revenue Service (IRS) may adopt regulations extending Obamacare tax credits beyond the 16 State-established Obamacare exchanges to include the federal-established exchanges in 34… Continue Reading

SCOTUS Holds Obama Made Unconstitutional NLRB Recess Appointments – Regulations and Adjudications at Risk

Posted in Agency Authority, Constitutional Issues in Regulations

The United States Supreme Court (SCOTUS), in NLRB v. Noel Canning,  today affirmed the United States Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia decision that President Obama (POTUS) unconstitutionally appointed members of the National Labor Relations Board (NLRB) as “recess appointments” when the Senate was not in recess.  SCOTUS unanimously affirmed on narrower grounds… Continue Reading

SCOTUS to Review D.C. Circuit Constitutional Non-delegation Decision that Amtrak is a Railroad, Not a Regulator

Posted in Agency Authority, Constitutional Issues in Regulations, Judicial Review & Remedies

The United States Supreme Court (SCOTUS) today granted certiorari in DOT v. Association of American Railroads (U.S. No. 13-1080) to review of a decision of the United States Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit that Congress unconstitutionally granted Amtrak regulatory authority over its priority of service among railroads.  Such a delegation, according… Continue Reading

D.C. Circuit Vacates Dodd-Frank Conflict Minerals Provision & SEC Rule as Violating First Amendment Free Speech

Posted in Agency Authority, Constitutional Issues in Regulations, Regulatory Process

The United States Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia today, in National Association of Manufacturers v. SEC, affirmed a district court judgment that the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) did not violate procedural requirements or misconstrue the statute in promulgating the Conflict Minerals Rule, but vacated the specific underlying statutory provision and the… Continue Reading

Monday Morning Regulatory Review – 4/7/14: COOL First Amendment; Rearview Cameras; Electric Utility Safety Standards; & OMB Reviews

Posted in Constitutional Issues in Regulations, Executive - OMB Review, Judicial Review & Remedies

The United States Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit took a significant step toward giving agencies more definitive guidance on the whether and how information disclosure can be used as a regulatory mechanism by ordering, on its own initiative, en banc review of a panel decision issued only a week ago.  On… Continue Reading

Monday Morning Regulatory Review – 12/23/13: Obamacare Guidance, not Rules, & More Exceptions; Carbon Capture & Sequestration; OMB Reviews; Contracts, Dogs & Cats

Posted in Agency Authority, Constitutional Issues in Regulations, Judicial Review & Remedies, Regulatory Flexibility & Small Business, Regulatory Process

As the end of year holidays and the health insurance deadline nears, the patchwork of Obamacare fixes and court decisions creating exceptions grows geometrically, making Obamacare less and less universal: at least two core policy changes and three new court decisions highlight the week.  The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) released a final rule that may… Continue Reading

Monday Morning Regulatory Review – 12/9/13: Deferring Obamacare; International Swaps Derivatives; Economically Significant Right Whales & Social Cost of Carbon Comments

Posted in Agency Authority, Constitutional Issues in Regulations, Executive - OMB Review, Judicial Review & Remedies, Regulatory Process

Significant events of the past week include a hearing before the House Judiciary Committee on the implementation of Obamacare – and the legality of deferring enforcement; a new suit challenging the Commodities Futures Trading Commission (CFTC) ongoing attempts to regulate the complex international derivative swaps markets; concluding the latest chapter in protecting the Right Whale… Continue Reading

SCOTUS Grants Review of Obamacare Contraceptive Rule & Religious Freedom Rights

Posted in Constitutional Issues in Regulations, Judicial Review & Remedies

The United States Supreme Court (SCOTUS) announced today that it will hear two cases raising questions of whether the Administration has adequately respected a business owner’s freedom of religion in the Obamacare (Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act or PPACA) regulations when it required that employers provide no cost preventive contraceptive care in employee health… Continue Reading

Monday Morning Regulatory Review – 7/22/13

Posted in Constitutional Issues in Regulations, Judicial Review & Remedies, Regulatory Process

Two recent cases of interest deserve at least a summary review – the vacation of an Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) rule that deferred regulation and permitting of some carbon dioxide emissions in scientific uncertainty and rejection of a Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) rule on whistleblowers in private litigation.  In response to litigation and Congressional… Continue Reading

Monday Morning Regulatory Review – 7/8/13

Posted in Constitutional Issues in Regulations, Regulatory Process

The Administration announcement that the employer sanctions provision of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (PPACA) would not be implemented for another year, until 2015, stirred debate on the legality of that delay.  On the other hand, the United States Supreme Court (SCOTUS) decision that the Defense of Marriage Act (DOMA) was unconstitutional stirred… Continue Reading

SCOTUS Review: Administrative Law Cases in the 2012 Term

Posted in Constitutional Issues in Regulations, Judicial Process, Judicial Review & Remedies

The United States Supreme Court (SCOTUS) decides a few significant administrative law cases each Term and the Term just concluded was no exception.  Although “administrative law” decisions do not draw the interest of the more volatile constitutional cases that the general press finds so tantalizing, administrative law and related decisions profoundly affect how Americans live… Continue Reading

Final HHS Preventive Contraceptives Rule and a New Circuit Decision: A Clearer Path for Judicial Review

Posted in Constitutional Issues in Regulations, Judicial Process, Judicial Review & Remedies

Two recent events relating to the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) and sister agencies’ requirement that employers provide preventive contraceptive services to women through insurance and without co-pay bring several legal issues closer to resolution: HHS published its much anticipated – by courts and litigants – final rule, and the United States Court… Continue Reading

Monday Morning Regulatory Review – 5/20/13

Posted in Agency Authority, Constitutional Issues in Regulations, Judicial Process, Judicial Review & Remedies

This week’s review is all about litigation updates:  A new decision from the United States Court of Appeals for the Third Circuit struck down President Obama (POTUS)’s recess appointments to the National Labor Relations Board (NLRB) as unconstitutional.  The ongoing authority feud surrounding the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) limitation of the emergency contraceptives for… Continue Reading

Monday Morning Regulatory Review – 4/29/13

Posted in Agency Authority, Constitutional Issues in Regulations, Judicial Review & Remedies, Regulatory Process

Busy and long today:  The Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) submitted to the Office of Management and Budget (OMB), Office of Information and Regulatory Affairs (OIRA), a hospital disproportionate share payment reduction proposed rule.  OIRA may have a new Administrator who may or may not have the opportunity to review the rule –… Continue Reading

Court Requires FDA to Grant ‘Plan B’ OTC Status – Authority Issues

Posted in Agency Authority, Constitutional Issues in Regulations

A judge of the United States District Court for the Eastern District of New York has ordered the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) Food and Drug Administration (FDA) to make “Plan B” – the post-intercourse, pre-fertilization contraceptive “morning after” pill – available over the counter (OTC) rather than by prescription to individuals under… Continue Reading

Monday Morning Regulatory Review – 3/18/13

Posted in Constitutional Issues in Regulations, Executive - OMB Review, Judicial Review & Remedies

The regulatory process thawed last week in the Executive and Judicial Branches.  Among the highlights, the simmering Recess Appointments Clause issue facing the National Labor Relations Board (NLRB) will head to the United States Supreme Court (SCOTUS) while many enforcement cases are being held in abeyance and uncertainty surrounds many rules.  The United States Court… Continue Reading

Monday Morning Regulatory Review – 2/25/13

Posted in Constitutional Issues in Regulations, Judicial Review & Remedies

Litigation over President Obama’s recess appointments took several additional steps last week and few significant rules were published.  One rule worth noting is a Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) follow-up final rule establishing standards for essential health benefits under the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act.  Two Department of Labor cases also deserve… Continue Reading

The Need to Know About Executive Orders: Much Ado About … Cybersecurity

Posted in Agency Authority, Constitutional Issues in Regulations

“Executive Orders” will never be confused with Shakespeare, but they are often worth reading for political theater.  The real question is not their literary or entertainment value, but what they really do.  President Obama’s (aka POTUS) recent Executive Order 13,636: Improving Critical Infrastructure Cybersecurity provides a good example of what an executive order can and… Continue Reading

Monday Morning Regulatory Review – 2/18/13

Posted in Constitutional Issues in Regulations, Executive - OMB Review, Regulatory Process

The Consumer Finance Protection Bureau (CFPB), along with some cohorts, published a flurry of four final rules last week that will give banking and mortgage attorneys plenty to read and absorb – and consider anew whether the CFPB can legitimately issue these rules.  Adding a little fuel to the Noel Canning fire, a House of… Continue Reading

D.C. Circuit finds “Recess Appointments” Invalid: NLRB Lacked Quorum

Posted in Constitutional Issues in Regulations

The United States Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit ruled today that the National Labor Relations Board (NLRB) lacked a quorum to act in Noel Canning v. NLRB because three Presidential “recess” appointments were invalid.  The court found that the United States Senate was not in “the” recess contemplated by the United… Continue Reading

Monday Morning Regulatory Review – 10/22/12

Posted in Constitutional Issues in Regulations, Judicial Review & Remedies, Regulatory Process

The cupboard is getting bare as we approach the election.  The Office of Management and Budget (OMB) completed review on no (“0”) proposed or final rules last week, but at least the Department of the Treasury (DOTr) updated its Iranian assets blocking regulations and Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) submitted its calendar year… Continue Reading

Monday Morning Regulatory Review – 8/27/12

Posted in Constitutional Issues in Regulations, Judicial Process, Judicial Review & Remedies, Regulatory Process

The Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) dominated last week.  The United States Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit affirmed the District Court in two cases of note:  upholding HHS’s revised embryonic stem cell research rules and striking down HHS’s tobacco packaging rules – which will be the subjects of future… Continue Reading