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Federal Regulations Advisor Insight and Commentary on U.S. Government Regulatory Affairs

Category Archives: Agency Authority

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Monday Morning Regulatory Review – 5/22/17: De-Regulating Model Aircraft

Posted in Agency Authority, Judicial Review & Remedies, Regulatory Process

The United States Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit, last Friday in Taylor v. Huerta, partially vacated the Department of Transportation (DOT) Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) Registration and Marking Requirements for Small Unmanned Aircraft interim final rule (IFR).  The panel concluded that Congress explicitly barred the FAA from promulgating “any rule or… Continue Reading

Monday Morning Regulatory Review – 5/8/17: Appropriations Impact on Regulations; Pending Disapproval; Legislation Repealing Regulation; WOTUS Reconsideration; Contraceptive Mandate Reconsideration; & Compliance Extension Good Cause

Posted in Agency Authority, Executive - OMB Review, Regulatory Process

Regulatory practice last week presented a number of different Congressional interventions – from the complexity of a Consolidated Appropriation for the remainder of the fiscal year, to disapproval of a regulation under the Congressional Review Act (CRA), to a direct legislative vitiation of a final rule.  The Administration took two different steps toward reconsideration of… Continue Reading

Monday Morning Regulatory Review – 2/20/17: Delay Challenge; Withdrawal Challenge; First Disapprovals Complete with More to Come & Stability Struggles in a New Regulatory Docket

Posted in Agency Authority, Judicial Review & Remedies, Regulatory Process

Two cases that challenge the effect of a new Administration’s moratorium on rules pending review by new appointees deserve some attention this week – one challenges a delay of effective date while the other challenges a withdrawal from public inspection prior to publication.  The march of regulatory  disapprovals continued to build with the first two… Continue Reading

Tuesday Morning Regulatory Review – 1/3/17: Statutes of Limitation & Regulations; Finality, Power & Constitutionality; Another Sex & Gender Preliminary Injunction; Streaming Suit; Effective Date Delay Dance; Inaction as Action; Energy Efficiency Standards Efficiencies; and Irrelevant and Relevant Facts

Posted in Agency Authority, Constitutional Issues in Regulations, Judicial Review & Remedies, Regulatory Process

Welcome back for the fifth anniversary post of the Federal Regulations Advisor (No. 393) and a new year of poking the Federal regulatory bear (and sometimes praising it).  Among highlights from regulatory practice in the past few weeks are a recurring regulatory misinterpretation of a statute of limitations, a new intercircuit conflict over appointments of… Continue Reading

Monday Morning Regulatory Review – 12/19/16: Continuing Reporting Obligations; Litigation Risk & Process Speed; FAR Injunction Notice, Land Use Planning and Plans & a Programming Note

Posted in Agency Authority, Judicial Review & Remedies, Regulatory Process

With the 30-day deadline for making rules effecting during the current Administration fast approaching (Wednesday), agencies took a number of actions that raise concerns – or at least perceived concerns.  One final rule challenges a court determination of the agency’s authority, while another agency took pains to adopt an interim rule on a not-very-controversial subject. … Continue Reading

Monday Morning Regulatory Review – 12/12/16: Administration’s Litigation Twilight; Delay, Haste, Explanation & Air, Cell, Wi-Fi

Posted in Agency Authority, Judicial Review & Remedies, Regulatory Process

The twilight of an Administration brings out some haste to institutionalize policy through regulations and also complex litigating postures driven by policy and institutional concerns, reflected last week in several procedural motions and decisions.  Curiously, a final rule was promulgated to respond to a remand over a decade old, raising a fundamental question of timeliness. … Continue Reading

Monday Morning Regulatory Review – 11/28/16: Overtime Increase Rule Enjoined; Buckyballs Rule Vacated; and Agency Demarche & Prepaid Cards

Posted in Agency Authority, Judicial Process, Judicial Review & Remedies

A short work week did not mean a lack of regulatory substance, something else to be thankful for.  In two significant decisions declaring final rules to be turkeys, a district court preliminarily enjoined an agency rule potentially effecting 4.2 million American wage earners, while a Court of Appeals decision vacated a rule that effectively prohibited… Continue Reading

Monday Morning Regulatory Review – 11/21/16: Persuader Rule Set Aside; Nursing Home Arbitration Bar Enjoined; Executive Immigration Action Litigation Postponed; Agency Authority Retread & Final Regulatory Agenda

Posted in Agency Authority, Constitutional Issues in Regulations, Judicial Review & Remedies

Several regulatory highlights from the last week illustrate the more forthright and subtle aspects of the transition from one Administration to the next.  A judgment in one district court probably sounded the death knell for a major labor regulation while another district court enjoined a regulation barring arbitration clauses.  Judgment and discretion were displayed in… Continue Reading

Presidential Regulatory Transition: A Post-Election Monday Morning Review – 11/14/16

Posted in Agency Authority, Judicial Review & Remedies, Regulatory Process

Understanding the regulatory significance of the 2016 Presidential election focuses on both the authority of the current President of the United States (POTUS) and the President-elect of the United States.  The current POTUS, quite naturally, will seek to institutionalize his legacy while the incoming POTUS will seek to undo his predecessor’s regulatory actions that are… Continue Reading

Monday Morning Regulatory Review – 11/7/16: SCOTUS Grants New Regulatory Preemption Case

Posted in Agency Authority, Constitutional Issues in Regulations, Judicial Review & Remedies

The United States Supreme Court (SCOTUS) added another administrative law case to its argument docket on Friday, granting certiorari in Coventry Health Care of Missouri v. Nevils (SCOTUSblog case page), a case of whether deference is due a regulatory interpretation of a statute that preempts State law.  The issues present an opportunity for clarification of… Continue Reading

Monday Morning Regulatory Review – 10/31/16: Sex, Identity, Statute, Regulation, and Guidance; Blacklist Blacklisted; Wellness Complaint & Education Borrowers Defenses

Posted in Agency Authority, Constitutional Issues in Regulations, Judicial Review & Remedies

Four highlights in regulatory practice from the past week present diverse but overlapping issues.  The United States Supreme Court (SCOTUS) granted review in a case that may or may not have significant regulatory implications, but certainly contains drama.  Another Administration priority of enforcing its preferences through procurement contracts was enjoined, setting the stage for a… Continue Reading

Monday Morning Regulatory Review – 10/24/16: Nondiscretionary Employment Analysis; Discretionary Dismissal Remand; Long-Term Care Arbitration & Immigration Fees, Budgets, and Policy

Posted in Agency Authority, Judicial Review & Remedies, Regulatory Flexibility & Small Business

In two very different cases, one district court found that an agency has a nondiscretionary duty to conduct detailed analysis under a statute in taking many different actions, while another district court found that an agency erred in dismissing an appeal because it misinterpreted its own regulations as mandatory when they were clearly discretionary.  An… Continue Reading

Monday Morning Regulatory Review – 8/29/16: School Gender Identity Guidance Enjoined; Medicare Reconciliation Criteria; Food Rules Compliance Reality; Broadcast Ownership Again – Still & Heavy Speed Limiters

Posted in Agency Authority, Judicial Review & Remedies, Regulatory Process

Summer’s end (not Childhood’s End) brings the opening of schools across the country without the looming Administration guidance on gender identity.  More complex is the new overhang of Medicare hospital reimbursements that may not be recouped because of an agency failure to adopt criteria through notice and comment rulemaking.  On the other hand, in reality… Continue Reading

Monday Morning Regulatory Review – 8/8/16: Political Free Speech; Tax Preparers End & Intercircuit Nonacquiescence and Consistency

Posted in Agency Authority, Constitutional Issues in Regulations, Judicial Process, Judicial Review & Remedies

Three highlights from the past week in regulatory practice:  One court of appeals found that an agency regulation likely violated a plaintiffs’ rights to free speech as applied and remanded for the district court to enter a preliminary injunction.  A district court brought the long-running competition over preparing tax forms one step closer to resolution… Continue Reading

Monday Morning Regulatory Review – 7/11/16: A Regulatory Litigation Snapshot

Posted in Agency Authority, Judicial Process, Judicial Review & Remedies, Regulatory Process

The shortened holiday week generated few regulatory events and no real highlights, creating an opportunity to survey the major regulatory litigation as this Administration enters its final six months.  This post highlights major litigation over the Administration’s priorities – particularly those stayed or preliminarily enjoined, and those at risk.  The extent of this litigation risk… Continue Reading

Monday Morning Regulatory Review – 7/4/16: Agency Exceeds Authority in Limiting Obamacare Exceptions; Second Persuader Challenge Persuaded; Conviction Guidance as Final Agency Action & Regulatory Deck-Clearing

Posted in Agency Authority, Constitutional Issues in Regulations, Judicial Process, Regulatory Flexibility & Small Business

Independence Day – a day to celebrate the right to choose between praising or criticizing the administrative state – or both.  Several courts took exception from Administration regulatory actions in the past week, including a regulation that exceeded the agency’s authority, a regulation that likely failed to comport with a number of superior requirements, and… Continue Reading

Monday Morning Regulatory Review – 6/27/16: Drone Regulations Finally Fly; Hydraulic Fracking Rule Drilled; First Persuader Decision Unpersuaded; Compost Guidance Composted & Civil Monetary Penalties Adjusted

Posted in Agency Authority, Judicial Process, Regulatory Process

With the United States Supreme Court (SCOTUS) term likely ending today and with no additional regulatory decisions expected, the eagerly awaited drone regulations leads this week’s interest in regulatory practice.  In litigation, district courts finalized setting aside a major hydraulic fracturing rule, declined to temporarily enjoin a significant labor – management reporting rule, and prospectively… Continue Reading

SCOTUS: Agency Must Explain Changed Position or Lose Chevron Deference

Posted in Agency Authority, Judicial Review & Remedies, Regulatory Process

In a decision turning on black-letter law, the United States Supreme Court (SCOTUS) reiterated Administrative Procedure Act (APA) precedent that an agency must explain its change in position and remanded Encino Motorcars, LLC v. Navarro for further proceedings in the court below.  SCOTUS found that the Department of Labor (DOL) failed to adequately explain its… Continue Reading

Monday Morning Regulatory Review – 6/20/16: Net Neutrality Upheld; Student Loan De-Arbitration & Removing Affirmative Defenses

Posted in Agency Authority, Judicial Review & Remedies, Regulatory Flexibility & Small Business

A court decision upholding the controversial net neutrality rule dominated regulatory practice last week but only for a dearth of other news.  Two proposed rules deserve attention:  another proposal to limit arbitration and class action waiver clauses and a proposal to remove affirmative defenses in certain environmental litigation.

Monday Morning Regulatory Review – 6/6/16: Warning Letter Finality; Untrusted Fiduciary Rule Tested; Great Lakes Pilotage Foundering; Oyster Illness Hazard Petition Grounding & Payday Loans Proposal Interest

Posted in Agency Authority, Constitutional Issues in Regulations, Judicial Review & Remedies, Regulatory Flexibility & Small Business

The United States Supreme Court (SCOTUS) decision in United States Army Corps of Engineers v. Hawkes Co. last Monday reverberated on Friday in United States Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit in dynamic Fair Labor Standards Act (FLSA) litigation.  In two different district courts, expected litigation challenged another Department of Labor (DOL)… Continue Reading

SCOTUS Affirms “Waters of the United States” Jurisdictional Determination is Final Agency Action Subject to Judicial Review

Posted in Agency Authority, Constitutional Issues in Regulations, Judicial Review & Remedies, Regulatory Process

The United States Supreme Court (SCOTUS) today unanimously (with concurrences) held that in United States Army Corps of Engineers v. Hawkes Co., Inc. that the Armey Corps of Engineers’ decision to assert Clean Water Act (CWA) jurisdiction over a parcel of land is a final agency action subject to judicial review under the Administrative Procedure… Continue Reading

SCOTUS Remands Contraceptives Regulation Cases to Uncertain Future

Posted in Agency Authority, Judicial Process, Judicial Review & Remedies

The United States Supreme Court (SCOTUS) on Monday remanded to the lower courts its docket of cases raising the question of whether the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) sufficiently accommodated religiously affiliated non-profits in its exception from the contraceptives mandate.  The SCOTUS orders in Zubik v. Burwell and its dozen fellow travelers make… Continue Reading

SCOTUS Warns Concrete Injury Needed to Enforce Statutory Rights

Posted in Agency Authority, Constitutional Issues in Regulations, Judicial Review & Remedies

The United States Supreme Court (SCOTUS) today returned the critical case of Spokeo, Inc. v. Robins to the United States Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit to decide whether plaintiff Robins had established a concrete injury.  While Spokeo resonates deeply in the class action milieu, but it serves also as a warning that Article… Continue Reading

Monday Morning Regulatory Review – 5/16/16: Deeming Rule & Litigation; Safety and Health Electronic Recordkeeping; Reconstructed or Modified Methane; Transgender Accommodations Guidance; & Conflicting Disability Compliance

Posted in Agency Authority, Constitutional Issues in Regulations, Executive - OMB Review, Judicial Process, Regulatory Flexibility & Small Business, Regulatory Process

Highlights with no surprises in regulatory practice last week focused on the rush to complete regulatory actions.  The Administration issued the controversial tobacco “deeming rule” and a vaping manufacturer immediately sued.  A new electronic reporting requirement must be challenged in affirmative pre-enforcement litigation because the underlying statute may bar challenges to the regulations in defensive… Continue Reading