Header graphic for print
Federal Regulations Advisor Insight and Commentary on U.S. Government Regulatory Affairs

Category Archives: Agency Authority

Subscribe to Agency Authority RSS Feed

Monday Morning Regulatory Review – 9/15/14: SORNA Good Cause Conflict; H-2B Limbo; & FCC Net Neutrality / Fast Lane Comment Avalanche

Posted in Agency Authority, Judicial Review & Remedies, Regulatory Process

Last week, the United States Court of Appeals for the Eighth Circuit joined the intercircuit conflict over the Administrative Procedure Act (APA) validity of the Attorney General’s regulations applying the Sex Offender Registration and Notification Act (SORNA) to offenses committed prior to SORNA’s effective date.  The United States District Court for the Eastern District of… Continue Reading

Monday Morning Regulatory Review – 8/11/14: EPA Power Plant Litigation; NLRB Ratifies Administrative Actions; FCC Open Internet / Fast Lane Comments & Attorney General Habeas Corpus Certifications

Posted in Agency Authority, Judicial Review & Remedies, Regulatory Process

The dog days of summer mean that this column is filled with many odds and few ends.  In new litigation, a dozen states sued the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) claiming that the agency lacks authority to issue a rule that it has not yet been issued.  On the other hand, the National Labor Relations Board… Continue Reading

Monday Morning Regulatory Review – 7/28/14: Contraception Regulations Revision; Advisory Committee Appointments; Orphan Drugs; and Oil & Ethanol Rail Cars

Posted in Agency Authority, Executive - OMB Review, Judicial Review & Remedies, Regulatory Process

A number of volatile issues made ripples in regulatory practice last week that will not be found in the general media.  The saga of the religious exemption from the contraceptives mandate in Obamacare (Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act or PPACA) added an introduction to a new chapter last week when the Department of Justice… Continue Reading

Immediate Intercircuit Conflict: 4th Circuit Upholds IRS Obamacare Regulations Extending Tax Subsidies to Federal Exchanges

Posted in Agency Authority, Judicial Review & Remedies

On this, the same day as the D.C. Circuit decision in Halbig v. Burwell, the United States Court of Appeals for the Fourth Circuit took the opposite tack in King v. Burwell: finding that the provisions of Obamacare (Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act or PPACA), taken together, were ambiguous, and apply Chevron Step 2… Continue Reading

DC Circuit Orders Vacatur of IRS Obamacare Regulations Extending Tax Subsidies to Federal Exchanges

Posted in Agency Authority, Judicial Review & Remedies

The United States Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit today ordered vacated a critical Internal Revenue Service (IRS) regulation extending tax credits under Obamacare (Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act or PPACA) to participants in federal health care exchanges as contrary to the clear language of the statute.  Halbig v. Burwell substantially… Continue Reading

Monday Morning Regulatory Review – 7/21/14: IRS Tax Preparer Suits; Hobby Lobby FAQ; Obamacare in the Territories; Drone Dismissal; and an Upgrade

Posted in Agency Authority, Judicial Review & Remedies, Regulatory Process

Among its woes, the Internal Revenue Service (IRS) lost another regulatory case for exceeding its statutory authority last week, and was sued yet again.  In other fallout, the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS), Department of Labor (DOL), and Department of the Treasury (DOTr) released a FAQ in light of the United States Supreme… Continue Reading

Monday Morning Regulatory Review – 7/7/14: Hobby Lobby Realities; Open Internet, Closed FCC; and ACUS Recommendations: Preambles as Guidance & Ex Parte Contacts

Posted in Agency Authority, Judicial Process, Judicial Review & Remedies, Regulatory Flexibility & Small Business, Regulatory Process

The holiday-shortened week was highlighted by judicial and Administration reaction to the United States Supreme Court (SCOTUS) decision in Burwell v. Hobby Lobby that the Administration failed to comply with the Religious Freedom Restoration Act (RFRA) in promulgating Obamacare preventative contraceptive care exemption regulations – and the issue will return frequently as the parties and… Continue Reading

Monday Morning Regulatory Review – 6/30/14: Hazardous Waste Fuel; Affirmative Defenses in CAA Suits II; Waters of the United States Extension; & Drones & Model Aircraft Interpretation

Posted in Agency Authority, Judicial Review & Remedies

A very busy last week was dominated by the United States Supreme Court (SCOTUS) (near) end-of-term decisions, but some slightly less notable regulatory actions deserve attention.  On Friday, the United States Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia vacated two separate exceptions to Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) Resource Conservation and Recovery Act of 1976… Continue Reading

SCOTUS Holds Obama Made Unconstitutional NLRB Recess Appointments – Regulations and Adjudications at Risk

Posted in Agency Authority, Constitutional Issues in Regulations

The United States Supreme Court (SCOTUS), in NLRB v. Noel Canning,  today affirmed the United States Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia decision that President Obama (POTUS) unconstitutionally appointed members of the National Labor Relations Board (NLRB) as “recess appointments” when the Senate was not in recess.  SCOTUS unanimously affirmed on narrower grounds… Continue Reading

SCOTUS to Review D.C. Circuit Constitutional Non-delegation Decision that Amtrak is a Railroad, Not a Regulator

Posted in Agency Authority, Constitutional Issues in Regulations, Judicial Review & Remedies

The United States Supreme Court (SCOTUS) today granted certiorari in DOT v. Association of American Railroads (U.S. No. 13-1080) to review of a decision of the United States Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit that Congress unconstitutionally granted Amtrak regulatory authority over its priority of service among railroads.  Such a delegation, according… Continue Reading

Monday Morning Regulatory Review – 6/23/14: Air Passenger Fees; Electric Generating Carbon Emissions; SCOTUS Zenith

Posted in Agency Authority, Judicial Review & Remedies, Regulatory Process

A short review of significant odds and ends from last week will be overshadowed by major decisions this week.  Among the significant odds and ends, the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) Transportation Security Administration (TSA) promulgated an increase in air passenger security fees under statutory authority to do so without advance notice and comment, but… Continue Reading

D.C. Circuit Vacates EPA Directive – Consistency and Non-Acquiescence: Conflict in Need of Further Rulemaking

Posted in Agency Authority, Judicial Process, Judicial Review & Remedies

The United States Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit today vacated an Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) Clean Air Act (CAA) directive that implemented a decision of the United States Court of Appeals for the Sixth Circuit only in that circuit.  National Environmental Development Association’s Clean Air Project v. EPA illustrates several classic… Continue Reading

Monday Morning Regulatory Review – 5/26/14: Electric Power Sales; Orphan Drugs Other Uses; Spring 2014 Unified Agenda & Memorial Day, 2014

Posted in Agency Authority, Judicial Review & Remedies

The Friday before the long Memorial Day weekend is either a desert of regulatory activity or – as last week – a cornucopia in need of distillation.  Three highlights warrant note, though many rules were published, placed on inspection, or otherwise released.  The United States Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit vacated… Continue Reading

Monday Morning Regulatory Review – 5/5/14: SCOTUS on EPA Cross State / Transport Rule; SEC Conflict Minerals Stay; DOT Trucker Coercion; & TSA Air Passenger Fees

Posted in Agency Authority, Judicial Process, Judicial Review & Remedies, Regulatory Process

Travail between the agencies and the courts present three of last week’s major events in federal regulations while an agency’s view of its authority to change fees by a final rule presents a fourth significant issue.  The United States Supreme Court (SCOTUS) reversed and remanded a lower court vacatur of the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)… Continue Reading

D.C. Circuit Vacates EPA Affirmative Defense Regulation – Some Limits on Regulatory Authority

Posted in Agency Authority, Judicial Review & Remedies

The United States Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit decided last Friday in Natural Resources Defense Council v. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) that (1) the emissions-related provisions of the 2013 Portland Cement Rule were permissible but that (2) EPA exceeded its statutory authority in a 2010 version by promulgating an affirmative defense… Continue Reading

Monday Morning Regulatory Review – 4/21/14: EPA Electricity Generating Units; Beer, Grain & Cattle; Tax Exempt Organizations & Politics; Waters of the United States; & Helicopter Ambulances

Posted in Agency Authority, Judicial Review & Remedies, Regulatory Process

Regulatory practice was illustrated by several specific actions in the past week, some of which have subtle implications.  The United States Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit opined on the efficacy of the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)’s 2012 air pollution regulation of electric generating units, but with several deep divisions.  In the… Continue Reading

D.C. Circuit Vacates Dodd-Frank Conflict Minerals Provision & SEC Rule as Violating First Amendment Free Speech

Posted in Agency Authority, Constitutional Issues in Regulations, Regulatory Process

The United States Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia today, in National Association of Manufacturers v. SEC, affirmed a district court judgment that the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) did not violate procedural requirements or misconstrue the statute in promulgating the Conflict Minerals Rule, but vacated the specific underlying statutory provision and the… Continue Reading

Monday Morning Regulatory Review – 3/31/14: Obamacare Extension; Waters of the United States; IRS Meets Bitcoin; & COOL Regulations Preliminary Injunction Denial Affirmed

Posted in Agency Authority, Judicial Review & Remedies, Regulatory Flexibility & Small Business, Regulatory Process

Anthology of the highlights of the last week in regulatory practice is somewhat focuses on some large issues that drew immediate attention, even if the substantive resolutions are many years away.  Foremost (of course) is the latest adjustment in Obamacare in Bulletins from the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) Centers for Medicare and… Continue Reading

Monday Morning Regulatory Review II – 3/17/14: FLSA Overtime Standards; H-2B Wage Methodology; Gainful Employment; & Electronic Logging Hours of Service

Posted in Agency Authority, Executive - OMB Review, Judicial Review & Remedies, Regulatory Flexibility & Small Business, Regulatory Process

While Part I of today’s Monday Morning Regulatory Review (MMRR) focused on Obamacare and health care, this Part II focuses on a wider range of regulatory activity.  President Obama instructed the Department of Labor (DOL) to charge into the breach of Fair Labor Standards Act (FLSA) regulations and DOL, on its own hook, proposed another… Continue Reading

Monday Morning Regulatory Review – 3/3/14: FDA Food Labeling; DOJ Guidelines on Journalist Subpoenas; & EPA Greenhouse Gas Data

Posted in Agency Authority, Regulatory Process

Odds and ends from the Federal Register last week  The Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) Food and Drug Administration (FDA) proposed wholesale changes in food labeling, a White House priority.  The Department of Justice (DOJ) published a non-regulatory controversial final policy on how it will relate to news media in requesting information and… Continue Reading

Monday Morning Regulatory Review – 2/17/14: Obamacare Employer Mandate & Marijuana Dispensary Banking

Posted in Agency Authority, Regulatory Process

Another seemingly quiet week was punctuated by incursions on the twilight zone between regulations and guidance.  The Department of the Treasury’s Internal Revenue Service (IRS) delayed and refined the Obamacare employer mandate by a final rule.  On the other hand, the Treasury’s Financial Crimes Enforcement Network (FINCEN) and the Department of Justice (DOJ) attempted to… Continue Reading

D.C. Circuit Affirms Permanent Injunction of IRS Tax Preparer Rule – No Authority & a Century of Silence

Posted in Agency Authority, Judicial Review & Remedies

The United States Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia today schooled the Internal Revenue Service (IRS) and the Department of the Treasury (DOTr or Treasury) on statutory construction and the limits of delegated regulatory authority in Loving v. IRS, affirming the district court decision by the same name.  The court found that the… Continue Reading

Third Circuit Upholds Labor H-2B Regulations & Confuses Agency Rulemaking Jurisdiction

Posted in Agency Authority, Regulatory Process

The United States Court of Appeals for the Third Circuit recently upheld the Department of Labor (DOL) promulgation of regulations governing the calculation of the minimum wage a United States employer must offer to recruit non-agricultural foreign workers under the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) “H-2B” visa program in Louisiana Forestry Association v. Secretary United… Continue Reading

Monday Morning Regulatory Review – 2/3/14: Volcker & Trust Preferred Securities; SOTU Contractor Minimum Wage; Battery Charger Efficiency; Safe Food Transport; and CDL Drug & Alcohol Clearinghouse

Posted in Agency Authority, Regulatory Process

This week in federal regulatory practice was highlighted by agency action rather than litigation, particularly the long-anticipated and delayed publication of the Volcker Rule and its first amendment, formally starting the clock for implementation and litigation.  The most significant action in the Administration’s long-term goals was President (POTUS)’s announcement that he would require federal contractors… Continue Reading