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Federal Regulations Advisor Insight and Commentary on U.S. Government Regulatory Affairs

Tag Archives: Fourth Circuit

Monday Morning Regulatory Review – 2/27/17: Transgender Student Bathroom Deguidance; Student Loan Cost Guidance Adherence; Immigration Enforcement Revisited; ORNA Good Cause Intercircuit Conflict & Implementation Executive Order

Posted in Judicial Review & Remedies, Regulatory Process

“Guidance” seems to have been the word for last week and that requires many words to explain.  Agencies rescinded prior Administration guidance that is currently being reviewed by the United States Supreme Court (SCOTUS), a district court questioned whether the current Administration would adhere to a prior guidance document, an agency revisited enforcement guidance while… Continue Reading

Monday Morning Regulatory Review – 1/16/17: WOTUS Jurisdiction & Venue; Arbitration Bars; Deference without Deference; Mandatory Duties & Remedies; Regulatory Accountability Act Reprise; Expedited Removal and Cubans; Good Cause Overdose & Communicable Disease Incaution

Posted in Judicial Process, Judicial Review & Remedies, Legislation, Regulatory Process

The United States Supreme Court (SCOTUS) added to its argument calendar Friday, including several that could implicate future regulatory practice – including jurisdiction to review regulations and the potential scope of arbitration-limiting regulations.  In lesser lights, a Court of Appeals determined that an agency’s interpretation was correct without the agency, while a district court imposed… Continue Reading

Presidential Regulatory Transition: A Post-Election Monday Morning Review – 11/14/16

Posted in Agency Authority, Judicial Review & Remedies, Regulatory Process

Understanding the regulatory significance of the 2016 Presidential election focuses on both the authority of the current President of the United States (POTUS) and the President-elect of the United States.  The current POTUS, quite naturally, will seek to institutionalize his legacy while the incoming POTUS will seek to undo his predecessor’s regulatory actions that are… Continue Reading

Monday Morning Regulatory Review – 10/31/16: Sex, Identity, Statute, Regulation, and Guidance; Blacklist Blacklisted; Wellness Complaint & Education Borrowers Defenses

Posted in Agency Authority, Constitutional Issues in Regulations, Judicial Review & Remedies

Four highlights in regulatory practice from the past week present diverse but overlapping issues.  The United States Supreme Court (SCOTUS) granted review in a case that may or may not have significant regulatory implications, but certainly contains drama.  Another Administration priority of enforcing its preferences through procurement contracts was enjoined, setting the stage for a… Continue Reading

SCOTUS: Agency Must Explain Changed Position or Lose Chevron Deference

Posted in Agency Authority, Judicial Review & Remedies, Regulatory Process

In a decision turning on black-letter law, the United States Supreme Court (SCOTUS) reiterated Administrative Procedure Act (APA) precedent that an agency must explain its change in position and remanded Encino Motorcars, LLC v. Navarro for further proceedings in the court below.  SCOTUS found that the Department of Labor (DOL) failed to adequately explain its… Continue Reading

Monday Morning Regulatory Review – 1/18/16: SCOTUS Returns; Law Practice & Mortgage Relief Regulation; V2V Communications; and No Reginfo

Posted in Agency Authority, Judicial Process, Judicial Review & Remedies

The United States Supreme Court (SCOTUS) returned last week to open several new lines of inquiry that impact regulatory practice, but has not yet decided whether the hear the case of the year. At the trial level, a district court invalidated narrow regulations applicable to attorneys practicing law in one federalized realm. The Department of… Continue Reading

Monday Morning Regulatory Review – 8/31/15: WOTUS Dammed, but How Much?

Posted in Agency Authority, Judicial Process, Judicial Review & Remedies

One highlight from the last week in regulatory practice overshadowed all else: confusion over fundamental administrative law and judicial review issues far beyond the confines of environmental law became evident in conflicting court decisions and the damming of the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and Army Corps of Engineers’ Clean Water Rule: Definition of Waters of… Continue Reading

SCOTUS Upholds Obamacare Subsidies at Chevron “0” – Cautions to Congress and the Agencies

Posted in Agency Authority, Judicial Review & Remedies

The United States Supreme Court (SCOTUS) today decided, in King v. Burwell, that the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (Obamacare or PPACA) permitted health care insurance premium tax subsidies for those enrolled in Federal Exchanges, not just State Exchanges. But there is a catch: SCOTUS found Obamacare so poorly written that ambiguity must be… Continue Reading

Monday Morning Regulatory Review I – 11/3/14: Notice and Logical Outgrowth; Standing Fall Down; Revised Contraceptive Rule Preliminary Injunction; SCOTUS Watch; and Shepherds’ Wages Rule

Posted in Agency Authority, Judicial Process, Judicial Review & Remedies

Catching up on the last two weeks presents a challenge:  many small actions vie for attention with a small lesson.  The United States Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit focused on the Administrative Procedure Act (APA)’s notice / logical outgrowth problem and organizational standing in two recent cases.  Two district courts issued… Continue Reading

Monday Morning Regulatory Review – 10/6/14: Failing Grades Episode 4; Oklahoma & Obamacare Intercircuit Conflict; and Contractor Minimum Wage

Posted in Agency Authority, Judicial Review & Remedies, Regulatory Process

Two district court decisions from last week warrant some comment while agencies added more fodder for the judicial review of rules.  The United States District Court for the District of Columbia again revisited the Administration’s failing grades in regulating for-profit colleges, and their scores have not improved, but the court failed to incentivize compliance with… Continue Reading

Monday Morning Regulatory Review – 9/15/14: SORNA Good Cause Conflict; H-2B Limbo; & FCC Net Neutrality / Fast Lane Comment Avalanche

Posted in Agency Authority, Judicial Review & Remedies, Regulatory Process

Last week, the United States Court of Appeals for the Eighth Circuit joined the intercircuit conflict over the Administrative Procedure Act (APA) validity of the Attorney General’s regulations applying the Sex Offender Registration and Notification Act (SORNA) to offenses committed prior to SORNA’s effective date.  The United States District Court for the Eastern District of… Continue Reading

Monday Morning Regulatory Review – 9/8/14: King / Halbig Delayed & OMB Reviews

Posted in Executive - OMB Review, Judicial Review & Remedies

Welcome back from summer vacation and a brief hiatus for this column.  Even with the Labor Day weekend out of the way, regulatory actions continue at a slow pace.  Of note, two procedural orders delayed the resolution of the intercircuit conflict over whether the Internal Revenue Service (IRS) may permit tax subsidies in States where… Continue Reading

Monday Morning Regulatory Review – 8/4/14: Obamacare Tax Subsidies Intercircuit Conflict & COOL First Amendment Regulations

Posted in Constitutional Issues in Regulations, Judicial Review & Remedies

Little new and unexpected agencies activity compels review in the last week, but the courts were fully engaged on two very different, critical regulatory issues.  The intercircuit conflict over whether the Internal Revenue Service (IRS) may adopt regulations extending Obamacare tax credits beyond the 16 State-established Obamacare exchanges to include the federal-established exchanges in 34… Continue Reading

Immediate Intercircuit Conflict: 4th Circuit Upholds IRS Obamacare Regulations Extending Tax Subsidies to Federal Exchanges

Posted in Agency Authority, Judicial Review & Remedies

On this, the same day as the D.C. Circuit decision in Halbig v. Burwell, the United States Court of Appeals for the Fourth Circuit took the opposite tack in King v. Burwell: finding that the provisions of Obamacare (Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act or PPACA), taken together, were ambiguous, and apply Chevron Step 2… Continue Reading

SCOTUS Holds Obama Made Unconstitutional NLRB Recess Appointments – Regulations and Adjudications at Risk

Posted in Agency Authority, Constitutional Issues in Regulations

The United States Supreme Court (SCOTUS), in NLRB v. Noel Canning,  today affirmed the United States Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia decision that President Obama (POTUS) unconstitutionally appointed members of the National Labor Relations Board (NLRB) as “recess appointments” when the Senate was not in recess.  SCOTUS unanimously affirmed on narrower grounds… Continue Reading

Monday Morning Regulatory Review – 7/22/13

Posted in Constitutional Issues in Regulations, Judicial Review & Remedies, Regulatory Process

Two recent cases of interest deserve at least a summary review – the vacation of an Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) rule that deferred regulation and permitting of some carbon dioxide emissions in scientific uncertainty and rejection of a Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) rule on whistleblowers in private litigation.  In response to litigation and Congressional… Continue Reading

NLRB Has No Authority for Posting Rule: 4th Circuit Joins D.C. Circuit, with Broader Reasoning that the NLRB Exceeded Statutory Authority

Posted in Agency Authority, Judicial Review & Remedies

The United States Court of Appeals for the Fourth Circuit affirmed a district court judgment that the National Labor Relations Board (NLRB) had no statutory authority to promulgate its Notification of Employee Rights Under the National Labor Relations Act, or “posting rule.”  The Fourth Circuit thus joined the District of Columbia Circuit.  The latest opinion… Continue Reading

D.C. Circuit Vacates NLRB Posting Rule – Enforcement Provisions Violated NLRA and Posting Requirement Could Not Be Severed

Posted in Judicial Review & Remedies, Regulatory Process

The United States Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia today vacated – in National Association of Manufacturers v. NLRB – the National Labor Relations Board (NLRB) Notification of Employee Rights under the National Labor Relations Act {NLRA), or “Posting Rule.”  The court’s decision clarified the starting point for judicial review of final agency… Continue Reading

4th Circuit Reinforces APA Requirements in Rejecting Alien Worker Wage Appeal

Posted in Judicial Review & Remedies, Regulatory Process

The United States Court of Appeals for the Fourth Circuit turned aside workers attempts to collect back wages from a time while the Obama Administration Department of Labor (DOL) had attempted to “suspend” a Bush Administration rule through a deficient Administrative Procedure Act (APA) notice and comment process.  North Carolina Growers Ass’n v. United Farm… Continue Reading

Monday Morning Regulatory Review – 12/3/12

Posted in Regulatory Process

Rule submission to and completions by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) began to pick up speed last week.  Most significant, OMB quickly completed review of a legally significant Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) logging road final rule – a subject of oral argument this morning at the Supreme Court and about which Congress has… Continue Reading

DOJ’s “Departure Bar” Regulation to Reopening Immigration Cases: Another Circuit, Another Loss

Posted in Judicial Review & Remedies

The United States Court of Appeals for the Eleventh Circuit joined several other circuits in holding contrary to statute a Department of Justice (DOJ) regulation divesting the Board of Immigration Appeals (BIA) of jurisdiction when an alien leaves the United States in Lin v. U.S. Attorney General.  The Eleventh Circuit found that the “Departure Bar”… Continue Reading