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Federal Regulations Advisor Insight and Commentary on U.S. Government Regulatory Affairs

Tag Archives: arbitrary and capricious

D.C. Circuit Vacates FCC IP Captioning Rule Provisions: Violated APA

Posted in Judicial Review & Remedies, Regulatory Process

The United States Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit today vacated two provisions of the Federal Communications Commission (FCC)’s Misuse of Internet Protocol (IP) Captioned Telephone Service interim rule (IFR) and final rule in Sorenson Communications v. FCC.  The court provided clear precedent that judicial review of “good cause” exceptions to the… Continue Reading

D.C. Circuit Vacates EPA Directive – Consistency and Non-Acquiescence: Conflict in Need of Further Rulemaking

Posted in Agency Authority, Judicial Process, Judicial Review & Remedies

The United States Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit today vacated an Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) Clean Air Act (CAA) directive that implemented a decision of the United States Court of Appeals for the Sixth Circuit only in that circuit.  National Environmental Development Association’s Clean Air Project v. EPA illustrates several classic… Continue Reading

Monday Morning Regulatory Review: 5/12/14: Coal Dust Review; Conflict Minerals Stay II; Renewable Fuels Standard; & Particulate Matter

Posted in Judicial Process, Judicial Review & Remedies, Regulatory Process

Much follow-up on last week’s Monday Morning Regulatory Review, including multiple petitions for judicial review of the Federal Mine Safety and Health Administration (FMSHA)’s coal dust rule and stay litigation in the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC)’s conflict minerals rule.  In two new judicial decisions, the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) renewable fuel standards and particulate… Continue Reading

Monday Morning Regulatory Review – 5/5/14: SCOTUS on EPA Cross State / Transport Rule; SEC Conflict Minerals Stay; DOT Trucker Coercion; & TSA Air Passenger Fees

Posted in Agency Authority, Judicial Process, Judicial Review & Remedies, Regulatory Process

Travail between the agencies and the courts present three of last week’s major events in federal regulations while an agency’s view of its authority to change fees by a final rule presents a fourth significant issue.  The United States Supreme Court (SCOTUS) reversed and remanded a lower court vacatur of the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)… Continue Reading

Monday Morning Regulatory Review – 4/28/14: Net Neutrality II; Coal Dust; Tier 3 Vehicle Emissions Standards; Beer & Grain Retreat; & Drones Won’t Fly

Posted in Judicial Review & Remedies, Regulatory Flexibility & Small Business, Regulatory Process

A crowded week of regulatory events means that some highlights must be left behind.  Highlights of the week in review (and the litigation to come) include the Federal Communications Commission (FCC) reboot of its vacated net neutrality rules, the Department of Labor (DOL) Federal Mine Safety and Health Administration (FMSHA) release of its new coal… Continue Reading

D.C. Circuit Vacates EPA Affirmative Defense Regulation – Some Limits on Regulatory Authority

Posted in Agency Authority, Judicial Review & Remedies

The United States Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit decided last Friday in Natural Resources Defense Council v. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) that (1) the emissions-related provisions of the 2013 Portland Cement Rule were permissible but that (2) EPA exceeded its statutory authority in a 2010 version by promulgating an affirmative defense… Continue Reading

Monday Morning Regulatory Review – 4/21/14: EPA Electricity Generating Units; Beer, Grain & Cattle; Tax Exempt Organizations & Politics; Waters of the United States; & Helicopter Ambulances

Posted in Agency Authority, Judicial Review & Remedies, Regulatory Process

Regulatory practice was illustrated by several specific actions in the past week, some of which have subtle implications.  The United States Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit opined on the efficacy of the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)’s 2012 air pollution regulation of electric generating units, but with several deep divisions.  In the… Continue Reading

D.C. Circuit Vacates Dodd-Frank Conflict Minerals Provision & SEC Rule as Violating First Amendment Free Speech

Posted in Agency Authority, Constitutional Issues in Regulations, Regulatory Process

The United States Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia today, in National Association of Manufacturers v. SEC, affirmed a district court judgment that the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) did not violate procedural requirements or misconstrue the statute in promulgating the Conflict Minerals Rule, but vacated the specific underlying statutory provision and the… Continue Reading

Monday Morning Regulatory Review – 3/24/14: Debit Card Fees Revival; Contractors & Disability Data Analyses; Mathematics & Law; Food Safety Slip; & Obamacare Slide

Posted in Judicial Process, Judicial Review & Remedies, Regulatory Process

This column changes each and every week as the moving parts of regulatory law shift.  Highlights from the past week illuminate significant government litigation victories in the revival of a regulation that set maximum fees between retailers and servicers of debit cards, summary judgment for the government in a challenge to a rule setting affirmative… Continue Reading

D.C. Circuit Remands PHMSA Fuel Cell Rule for Adequate Explanation

Posted in Judicial Review & Remedies, Regulatory Process

The United States Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit today remanded a final rule that barred butane fuel cell cartridges from checked luggage in Lilliputian Systems, Inc. v. Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration.  At bottom, the Department of Transportation (DOT)’s Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration (PHMSA) failed to explain the… Continue Reading

FCC “Net Neutrality” Rules Vacated by U.S. Court of Appeals for D.C. Circuit

Posted in Agency Authority, Judicial Review & Remedies

The United States Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia today vacated the Federal Communications Commission (FCC) “net neutrality” rules in Verizon v. FCC.  At the heart of the net neutrality issue is whether the FCC has authority to prohibit broadband Internet providers such as Verizon or Comcast or others from giving priority to… Continue Reading

Monday Morning Regulatory Review – 12/30/13: Obamacare Fractal Geography; Volcker Rule Stay & Reconsideration; OSHA Interpretations & Ripeness; and Rearview Mirrors & Cameras

Posted in Agency Authority, Judicial Review & Remedies, Regulatory Process

The final week of 2013 does not go gently into that good night, with four unrelated but significant issues.  Obamacare further disintegrated as a nationwide legal program with further administrative exceptions and delays and piecemeal judicial bars to enforcement that have worn out their welcome.  The Volcker Rule still awaits publication in the Federal Register,… Continue Reading

Monday Morning Regulatory Review – 12/23/13: Obamacare Guidance, not Rules, & More Exceptions; Carbon Capture & Sequestration; OMB Reviews; Contracts, Dogs & Cats

Posted in Agency Authority, Constitutional Issues in Regulations, Judicial Review & Remedies, Regulatory Flexibility & Small Business, Regulatory Process

As the end of year holidays and the health insurance deadline nears, the patchwork of Obamacare fixes and court decisions creating exceptions grows geometrically, making Obamacare less and less universal: at least two core policy changes and three new court decisions highlight the week.  The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) released a final rule that may… Continue Reading

Monday Morning Regulatory Review – 10/21/13

Posted in Agency Authority, Judicial Review & Remedies, Regulatory Process

United States Government agencies lurched back into business and began to resolve the problems created by their absence, to the extent they can – and litigation has already commenced over the legality of a number of agency actions during the shutdown.  Post-reopening, some agencies, such as the Federal Communications Commission (FCC) have attempted to make… Continue Reading

Monday Morning Regulatory Review – 8/12/13

Posted in Executive - OMB Review, Judicial Review & Remedies, Regulatory Process

The Office of Management and Budget (OMB) completed review (ubiquitously consistent with change) on several sensitive significant rules last week, including the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)’s proposed greenhouse gas reporting amendments and final renewable fuels volumes for 2013, as well as a proposal to fix an Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act problem for Members… Continue Reading

Monday Morning Regulatory Review – 7/29/13

Posted in Judicial Review & Remedies, Regulatory Process

Several key regulatory events in the past week include decisions from the courts on rules on greenhouse gases, air quality standards for ozone, and conflict minerals.  Two court of appeals split on whether companies can exercise religious views, lessening the likelihood that the United States Supreme Court (SCOTUS) will decide any administrative law issues relating… Continue Reading

Teenagers and Plan B One Step: FDA’s Compliance with a Court Order or Just a Different Decision

Posted in Judicial Review & Remedies, Regulatory Process

The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved an application by Teva Women’s Health, Inc. to market Plan B One-Step (levonorgestrel) for use without a prescription by teens 15 years of age and older.  The approval of Teva’s application may or may not comply with the order the United States District Court for the Eastern District… Continue Reading

Administration’s Failing Grades 3: Educational Race to the Bottom?

Posted in Judicial Process, Judicial Review & Remedies

The Department of Education (ED) took one step last week in its attempt to better regulate the “for profit” colleges, universities, and other schools:  ED published a revision of a preamble to rules that the United States Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit remanded because the prior explanation was inadequate.  Amending a… Continue Reading

CFTC Pool Operator Rule Upheld – Broader Lessons Need Consideration

Posted in Executive - OMB Review, Judicial Review & Remedies, Regulatory Flexibility & Small Business, Regulatory Process

The United States District Court for the District of Columbia granted the agency summary judgment in Investment Company Institute v. Commodity Futures Trading Commission  (CFTC), leaving intact the Commodity Pool Operators and Commodity Trading Advisors: Compliance Obligations final rule (as corrected) (the “pool” rule).  Plaintiffs claimed that the CFTC had violated the Administrative Procedure Act… Continue Reading

Monday Morning Regulatory Review – 10/15/12

Posted in Judicial Process, Judicial Review & Remedies, Regulatory Process

Last week a number of small events, mostly in the courts.  The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)’s long awaited CAFÉ regulation finally published in the Federal Register; a suit was filed to invalidate the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC)’s extractive industries reporting rule, the Department of Justice (DOJ) sought further review of decisions in Food and… Continue Reading

Delicate Technicalities of Judicial Review of Final Agency Action

Posted in Judicial Process, Judicial Review & Remedies

Several weeks ago, this blog alluded to a court of appeals criticism of its district court that focused on the nature of the remedy in judicial review of final agency action under the Administrative Procedure Act (APA): that the court enjoined a rule when it should have set the rule aside.  This criticism may seem… Continue Reading

Judicial Review & EO 12866 Regulatory Impact Analysis

Posted in Executive - OMB Review, Judicial Review & Remedies, Regulatory Flexibility & Small Business, Regulatory Process

A common but little understood Administrative Procedure Act (APA) issue arose from last Monday’s Regulatory Review: How does an aggrieved business acquire APA judicial review of a rulemaking under Executive Order 12886 – the executive and inter-agency review performed by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) and its Office of Information and Regulatory Affairs… Continue Reading

Administration’s Failing Grades: Education’s “For Profit” Debt Measure Rule Vacated

Posted in Executive - OMB Review, Judicial Review & Remedies, Regulatory Process

The United States District Court for the District of Columbia vacated more Department of Education (DOE) “for-profit college” student loan funding rules on June 30.  In this edition, the court accepted DOE’s interpretation of a statutory “gainful employment” requirement, but rejected DOE’s debt measure proxy and subsidiary reporting and approval rules.  Association of Private Sector… Continue Reading